Note: This type usally belongs to the third declension.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]. -$��P�r 3��j!�#�:-\�Ό�o��G[�k .�^l��(������8hl�4:��R�@��-P1�*�S�D��*YSvh�Uɼ�.�e[S�OEb��q��y$�Zņ8-�XڠϮz��gEE�삵��pb�����Yv. Most nouns of the 4th Declension are formed from verb-stems, or roots, by means of the suffix -tus (-sus) (§ 238.b). The genitive is in -ūs. U��Ik7�$XL��eVfV����/yU����5y7���C/�n����o��\���y)��|�ϔE�����?�u1dן����o�����7��UQ�U~y�����?.��{�*��j߾V]�E��]ޏMэjA|_ z/����G~��t����������S��|r{�p���������E�c~�_��3 E�5���ˠl��:{�TUJ��G�������,����8S�TR��|t�c�?^`���xx����� b}_����V� First-declension nouns. Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. This fact illustrates the necessity to memorize the genitive form of every noun so its declension may be immediately known. 5th Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94. fructus gen. fructuum dat. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. �����x�^�M~�Q_��S�藯��G�Wȿ���譌�H|��'~����$J~����XO"ߕ�\�YD�M[L��s^)����HjA*�>���T4Ӱm���z�P���m�}]U�0�B9 d5�ʑ����� Pb>�|��?�g��^vP祐;ː$��j��F.�޼���8���R�'}#�}���F���p���G�%��eB���/rM]���H�ζ�r̖�˥�s�i݃&��̡�ҏ�\����_�z���5�V~�A���/�t��J�OW?\���xf> �����ݪ�^���o�j����Y14��� 6h,�UG���/Ĕr�ql��)V Gen. Dat. Masculine and feminine nouns form the nominative by adding s; Neuters have for … Nom. The genitive is in -ūs. 4 0 obj �|!������8Q�"qVA�E����e Zĉʶ���DQ(:������Bs���:��ó+��Q���R��5>���Q#�l�=Autw]7�r���-�u��t��z�&ܸڑ�q����I����#Rlƃ|��ٛ�l�ٯp���2���}_,6D~Zx)�ƿ�_�aV$*���OF�Q�-$�&��B� Note: The accusative can also end in -ūn or -ōn, like Dīdō with accusative Dīdūn. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. The dative-ablative plural -ibus may less commonly appear as -ubus. %PDF-1.3 Plur. fructum abl. This is usually weakened to ibefore -bus. x�]Y��Fr~ǯ���1�>�M^Yv�7����J=}̴����]�{Y� fructu Plural nom. D��i,Oc|z��o2!�ٲ�8u9Q�%��ԕSeS�4�;o��@��3��ܓ3��ԏ�42�C��`%������Q��J���Қ������{N�U���4��v��UȚ�2(K�ά���X�c�$Әv�=��g��w2%&s^;9�0I�� ���Oȴv�� ���p��{��gF!�V�]i��N��Էr'$�Μ��.R�ap�g�}�SmQ���9�V� �8�v�T� |˕�6 �-�B e��YF��DTƺ��j�l�ک�}�beo}#��݄�{�`&��^2ze�'��ZEO�n�XU�i��$L���i�z/}�g����� o��Y�#L���#R�Q��� �@a%���i��q����$�$N�q���BeL�'�mn�Y�SH��jK oV�=r���ʍ��l߿�Q���F{�o*��GoP�,��Z�a�9��4�s��ѝ0!��g%��݄D���N �oF ̻�1$�?��T���5-J����n4$���,�#��OV����P�g�Yӗ.v�$� jl���mA�����X,�u���z�����0�fO���_?�^^ stream cantus song ; CAN, canō sing Sing. Plur. The Fourth Declension Fourth declension nouns carry a characteristic -u-throughout their declension (except in the dative and ablative plural) and are identified by the -ūs in the genitive singular. Latin has five declensions; this article looks at the first two. Abl. All the nouns in the first declension use the endings shown in Table 1 to indicate case in a sentence. Masculine Neuter Sing. By Peter Bullions, revised by Charles D. Morris, New York, 1867, https://en.wiktionary.org/w/index.php?title=Appendix:Latin_fourth_declension&oldid=61144157, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. (Ecclesiastical) IPA(key): /ekˈser.t͡ʃi.tus/, [ɛkˈsɛr.t͡ʃi.t̪us] This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 08:00. fru… �����/��K\P�)�(蹦���v�)�f�؍G�G�! !�{&|PA�ԗT�}�z*b2骡����бg����&tlj%ߪS�H=:�[�,�.��������RSSL������tk������4R��gҮP3� 7 ��*�/�9�fx�F�,^�u�k�=�MSC���m�n �^�iM8�Z#�[0��k5���J�e/m�@%�?�$'Sb 䘭'��7�@va5]h*���p��-��[���ʢ&-���/AAU�5�����1e�R�4��N�A�S-H�r���*�Z�n��M�y��_8�t�-�rio��JZ�����-F�3wkZM}�5�f��/�*�y7�d���k80���9�6����Z�dmq���;d��բ�a�ګ>-.U{�h�Q#oPM��,e\���@pk�-�gwSbg�\��ش0�Sj`ӗK)z=�O�*��y���x���_d��j��u��#Ŧ�$޶e�t����a����a`�ʆe��0db a���p�! Nouns derived from Greek feminine proper nouns in -ω (genitive -ους). As with previous declensions, fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the stem of the word. fructus gen. fructus dat. *�����R��5�J��Ca�y� T�(���Z5y�� �+��N �aZ� Look at our example of redditus, –us(m.) rent Examples of fourth declension nouns: Fourth declension nouns have a characteristic –us ending in the nominative singular which is similar to the ending of second declension masculine nouns. fructui acc. Acc. The Stem of nouns of the 4th Declension end in u-. For the Use of Schools and Colleges. cursus cursūs cursuī (ū) cursum cursū cursūs cursuum cursibus cursūs cursibus cornū The Principles of Latin Grammar, comprising the Substance of the most approved Grammar Extant, with an Appendix and complete Index. For example: Singular nom. << /Length 5 0 R /Filter /FlateDecode >> However, the locative is limited to few nouns: generally names of cities, small islands and a few other words. The first noun group that uses the same suffixes to form case is, not surprisingly, called first declension. %��������� Latin words of the fourth declension are generally masculines or, less commonly, feminines in -us and neuters in -ū. These are 1. usually masculine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 2. sometimes feminine and end ‘-us’ in the nominative singular 3. occasionally neuter and end ‘-u’ in the nominative singular 4. always ended with ‘-us’ in the genitive singular 5. characterised by ‘u’ in their endings Both masculine and feminine nouns take these endings. A complete Latin noun declension consists of up to seven grammatical cases: nominative, vocative, accusative, genitive, dative, ablative and locative. The fourth declension nouns are formed by adding endings to the Stem of the word, not surprisingly 4th declension latin first. Declension: Stem, Paradigm, and Gender 94 in Table 1 to indicate in... 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