densata) grows naturally in the Black Hills area of South Dakota and is a variation of a white spruce. Growing Black Hills Spruce Trees. Two possible new diseases of spruce have been seen in the Plant and Insect Diagnostic Clinic recently. In excessively wet periods, fungal disease can adversely affect Black Hills Spruce, so it should not be planted in the middle of a densely planted windbreak. Black Hills Spruce grows steadily into a dense, symmetrical cone-shaped tree. Black Hills spruce is a medium to tall evergreen tree excellent for home landscapes, and will provide a good windbreak. The tree grows to a height of 95 feet with a large canopy spread of about 42 feet. In fact, some Black Hills Spruce have lived 150 to 350 years! Both diseases have similar signs and symptoms but can cause different amounts of damage and require somewhat different management strategies, making disease diagnosis essential. An attractive, adaptable tree, white spruce (Picea glauca) and dwarf cultivers are an easy-care evergreen that … Numerous experts believe it does not differ enough from the white spruce … Deer-resistant & Shade-tolerant Spruce Trees. Rhizosphaera needle cast and stigmina needle cast infect Colorado blue spruce (Picea pungens), white spruce (Black Hills) (Picea glauca), Norway spruce (Picea abies) and Meyer spruce (Picea meyeri). As well, this tree is very long-lived. Over time it may reach as much as 40 feet, and 15 feet across. The Black Hills spruce tree (Picea glauca var. Choosing evergreen trees for your landscape can be confusing, considering the number and variety of … Colorado blue spruce is particularly susceptible and can be severly damaged by this disease. Spruce Problems (pest and Cultural Issues) Diagnosis and management recommendations diseases • insects • weeds trees & woody ornamentals Blue spruce Jason Sharman, Vitalitree, Bugwood.org White spruce needle (white stomata— natural plant openings) Joseph O’Brien, USDA Forest Service, Bugwood.org Norway spruce Black Hills is an excellent variety of White Spruce with short, pointed needles. In 10 years it will be close to 10 feet tall, and it will reach 20 to 25 feet in height, with a spread of around 10 feet. Problems With White Spruce Disease. A truly cold-adapted tree, Black Hills Spruce is resistant to winter injury and performs well, regardless of harsh winter conditions. Disease Cycle Norway spruce is relatively resistant. Other hosts include white, black, Engelmann, Sitka, and Serbian spruce; Austrian, mugo, Eastern white, and Japanese red and black pine, as well as Douglas-fir and Siberian fir.

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