It Is good practice for Part 4 of the Reading and Use of English section the Cambridge B2 First Exam. If you’re really digging these ESL lesson ideas, then you’re going to love FluentU. Teaching English with Music: 4 Effective Ways to Use Music in the ESL Classroom, 5 ESL Listening Exercises to Sharpen Your Students’ Ears, How to Teach 100 ESL Vocabulary Words in One Lesson, 5 Ways to Find Great ESL Teaching Materials on a Budget, 7 Best ESL Textbooks for Teaching Students Both Young and Old, 10 Creative Ways to Use Popular Movies in Fun ESL Lessons, 7 Irresistibly Fun ESL Video Activities to Teach Listening Comprehension. Students need to review the verb tense to better understand gerunds. They strike mercilessly. With more advanced students, you can include more academic vocabulary for them to use in essays. These are videos that your students already love watching, so they’ll be beyond excited to interact with them in the classroom. Gerunds/Infinitives. On FluentU, all the videos are sorted by skill level and are carefully annotated for students. No way. (Infinitive as a subject. In these cases, we have to choose to use either an infinitive or a gerund. Complete exercises 1 - 10 below to practice what you have learned in part 1 before moving on. When introduced to this definition for an infinitive, ESL students get confused. Every student can work on their own to start, and then you’ll come together to review answers as a class. Students have a difficult time recognizing the difference between the verb tense and the gerund. Gerunds and Infinitives. 11 Useful Tips to Boost Your Intermediate ESL Students’ Reading Comprehension, 7 ESL Video Activities That Your Students Will Love. This will help students understand which verbs precede the gerund, infinitive or both. For more advanced levels of ESL, this should be a simple, brief exercise that can be written on the board with the entire class participating. Students will have a difficult time remembering which verbs are followed by a gerund and which are followed by an infinitive. (Infinitive as an object. Now, we’re going to explore some effective in-class exercises that will make these distinctions clearer than ever for your students. It’s got a huge collection of authentic English videos that people in the English-speaking world actually watch on the regular. Download: This blog post is available as a convenient and portable PDF that you Some teachers neglect to include a review of the progressive tense when introducing gerunds in class. When the students see the instances in which a gerund or infinitive is the only option, they will be better prepared to use one or the other. In this situation, try changing the sentence and saying what you want to say in a different way. Example: Lisa walking to the store to buying some groceries. ), He wants a better job to earn more money. The teacher should emphasize the preposition that precedes the gerund. All Rights Reserved. Students will have a difficult time remembering which verbs are followed by a gerund and which are followed by an infinitive. Maintain flexible hours? Effective Exercises to Introduce ESL Students to Gerunds and Infinitives Showing when gerunds and infinitives are interchangeable. can take anywhere. Click here to get a copy. Example: Larry was planning on hiking yesterday. Welcome! If you liked this post, something tells me that you'll love FluentU, the best way to teach English with real-world videos. For other levels, you can challenge the students by including sentences that contain all three. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." This exercise can also be used as a warm up to review the lesson in subsequent classes. Sometimes you will be unsure if you need to use an infinitive or a gerund in a sentence. It’s especially important for lower-level students to have a list of such verbs. Make a positive impact? Most ESL teachers introduce gerunds along with infinitives, which most students find easier to understand. Thanks for subscribing! It’s not as clear to everyone else. An infinitive is a verb preceded by “to” that is used as a subject, object or complement of a sentence. (Download). However, just reading through a list won’t help students remember the verbs. The more you notice gerunds and infinitives in your study of the English language, the easier it will get! FluentU is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to Amazon.com. ESL teachers and private tutors often complain of having a hard time explaining gerunds to their confused students. When they see a gerund as an activity (a non-physical object), they begin to see the difference between the word as a verb and a noun. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Want to work from home? © 2020 Enux Education Limited. We also participate in other affiliate advertising programs for products and services we believe in. Teachers can tell students to use this resource on their own or use it in place of worksheets in class, assuming the classroom is equipped with computers. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). So, let’s talk a little bit about how to do exactly that! (Gerund as an object. FluentU brings language learning to life with real-world videos. Show students sentences that sound clearer with the gerund as opposed to the infinitive. B2 Gerunds and infinitives is an exercise at an upper intermediate level of English which focuses on vocabulary and grammar. This should be the case for almost all example sentences for lower-level students. (Gerund as a subject. Armed with the proper explanations and exercises, teachers can make lessons about gerunds and infinitives less confusing for ESL students. It’s especially important for lower-level students to have a list of such verbs. Bring English immersion to your classroom! Throughout my years of teaching ESL, I have seen many students struggle with gerunds. These strange grammatical outliers are not quite parts of speech, but serve sentences as different styles or parts of speech based on context and usage. Point out where the gerund is and where the verb is. After reviewing the progressive verb tense, provide the class with example sentences that use both the verb tense and gerunds. The majority of your examples in class should focus on the gerund and/or infinitive. They now have two forms of a verb that serve the same purpose in a sentence. This free gerunds and infinitves worksheet helps students to learn and practice commonly used gerund and infinitive forms. We hate SPAM and promise to keep your email address safe, Sign up for our weekly blog newsletter for a chance to win a free FluentU Plus subscription (value $240), Get regular language learning tips, resources and updates, starting with the "Complete Guide to Foreign Language Immersion" e-book. It’s more effective to have the students write their own lists. After students have completed the exercise, the teacher can ask for volunteers to write sentences on the board for the class to review and, in some cases, correct. Basic Gerunds and Infinitives. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. As teachers, we must clearly define the gerunds and infinitives, provide simple examples for the students to see and correct the confusion between the two grammatical terms. What the Flip is a Flipped ESL Classroom? These pesky grammatical components don’t care what level of English students are. One exercise that can be used for this is to leave a blank after a verb in a sentence and ask students whether a gerund or infinitive would be appropriate. Please check your email for further instructions. I’ve also included example sentences and practice questions for you. If students are able to identify the gerund, infinitive and progressive tense in a sentence, they should also be able to identify and correct mistakes. 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