K… In German, many words change their form or add different endings according to their function in a sentence. Do you see what I mean about inserting the ‘e’s? I see a chubby boy — Ich sehe einen pummeligen Jungen.I see a rich woman — Ich sehe eine reiche Frau.I see a tall child — Ich sehe ein großes Kind. Adjectives, in their basic or ‘root’ form, exist outside of the case system. In this article you’ll learn the following: The German case system is one of the trickiest aspects of the language — at least, if you’re a native English speaker. Read here for or a complete discussion of every instance of declensions ever (including all special situations!). Feminine & plural’s strong declension -e gets added onto to determiners such as jed- (every), welch- (which), kein- (not any) as is, to look like this: jede, welche, keine. Remember that the genitive case nests inside another case (in these examples, within the nominative). The standard German dialect mentioned above is surprisingly not the pronunciation of any influential city or region (cf. Home Economics: Food and Nutrition (CCEA). In English, case is indicated primarily by word order. Our standard is that an ‘e’ gets added in front of every declension that isn’t an -e already. They always come after the main verb, for which we have limited options: ‘to be’ (sein), ‘to remain’ (bleiben), ‘to become’ (werden), and a handful of verbs that refer to the five senses, as in the egg tastes rotten (Das Ei schmeckt verfault). Ich freue mich auf Ihr Feedback. This is such a big topic, we have a separate guide on prepositions. Some of the most important aspects of German grammar are detailed in the three tables right below and can be seen as a summary of this lesson so far. In contrast, the genitive is dependent on another case — it must be paired with a noun in the nominative, accusative, or dative. Check out our Stein in different roles: (The weight of the stone is too much for me). So, what is case? Ein pummeliger Junge küsst mich — A chubby boy kisses me.Eine reiche Frau küsst mich — A rich woman kisses me.Ein großes Kind küsst mich — A tall child kisses me. That’s right! Not only does German have an extra case than English does, but German and English distinguish one case from another differently. That's what you get it German. There are four cases in German: nominative (subject), accusative (direct object), dative (indirect object), and genitive (possessive). In the German case system, typically only two types of words take the ‘grammar flags’ (declensions) that tell us the gender & case of the following noun: Determiners (e.g. Now, notice in the following examples how the adjectives here take strong declensions: Masc., Nom. BUT, instead, you can plug your determiners and/or adjectives into the All-In-One Declensions Chart by putting on the declensions for each possible pattern, as listed in this graphic: You can see in these 4 declension patterns (<– the ONLY four that exist, BTW!) a direct object in the accusative case) remains optional. You’ve been introduced to what the German case system is (and how it differs from English), but now you need to learn the ins-and-outs of how it works so you can use it for yourself! If that’s you, then this whole idea of noun cases probably sounds extra foreign, complicated, and intimidating. I help the chubby boy — Ich helfe dem pummeligen Jungen.I help the rich woman — Ich helfe der reichen Frau.I help the tall child — Ich helfe dem großen Kind. There are 2 types of determiners we need to know: ein-words and der-words.There are 2 types of adjectives we need to know: predicate and attributive. Note in the following examples that der Vater (father) has been added: The chubby boy’s father is nice — Der Vater des pummeligen Jungens ist nett.The rich woman’s father is nice — Der Vater der reichen Frau ist nett.The tall child’s father is nice — Der Vater des großen Kindes ist nett. (I’ve left them out of the chart in part to make it look less overwhelming and repetitive.). So, for example, we need an –er in the masculine nominative and –en (twice) in the masculine accusative. But all this grammar fun comes at a cost. © 2020 German with Laura | All Rights Reserved | Privacy, 1711 Kings Way Onawa, IA 51040 | (603) 303-8842 | firstname.lastname@example.org, a list of common verbs that take dative objects, most adjective-case pairings involve the dative case, prepositions that always pair with the accusative, prepositions that always pair with the dative, when an ‘e’ is the declension listed (don’t add another one), also recall the special exceptions for saying ‘the’ (, the nominative case is what is used to mark the. For example, they change depending on whether the word is the subject or the object of the sentence. The subject (nominative) comes first. I hope you find it useful. Here is the accusative case snippet of our all-in-one declensions chart: Compare these examples (with ‘der-words’) to the chart: I see the chubby boy — Ich sehe den pummeligen Jungen.I see the rich woman — Ich sehe die reiche Frau.I see the tall child — Ich sehe das große Kind. 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