However, Lycaon commits two acts of impiety: he plots to murder Jupiter and he serves up human flesh for dinner. Every day an eagle swooped on him and devoured the lobes of his liver, which grew by night. Like the tales found in the Old Testament and Gilgamesh, in the Greek version, the flood is a punishment of humankind by the gods. The son of the immortal Titan Prometheus, Deucalion is warned by his father of the coming Bronze Age-ending flood, and he builds a small boat to carry him and his cousin-wife Pyrrha, the daughter of Prometheus' brother Epimetheus and Pandora to safety. When Jupiter sees that all life has been extinguished except for the ideal pious married couple—Deucalian ("son of forethought") and Pyrrha ("daughter of afterthought")—he sends the north wind to scatter the clouds and mist; he calms the waters and the floods subside. The two myths discussed in this paper derive from the Greek and Roman accounts of the flood and, the most well known, the Bible's account. They did as recommended, and the stones soften and turn into human bodies—humans that no longer have a relationship to the gods. a) The story has several similarities with other flood myths, including the Christian and Sumerian Myths . Prometheus was nailed to the mountain and kept bound for many years. They go to the springs of Cephisus, and visit the temple of Themis to ask for help in repairing the human race. He, reigning in the regions about Phthia, married Pyrrha, the daughter of Epimetheus (the brother of Prometheus) and Pandora (the first woman fashioned by the gods). Their two sons were Hellen and Amphictyon. ten thousand years[5] before his time, as opposed to only "one or two thousand years that have elapsed" since the discovery of music, and other inventions. The Bibliotheca gives this as an etymology for Greek Laos (λᾱός, 'people') as derived from laas ('stone'). Aeolus reigned over the regions about Thessaly and named the inhabitants Aeolians. Xuthus received Peloponnese and begat Achaeus and Ion by Creusa, daughter of Erechtheus, and from Achaeus and Ion the Achaeans and Ionians derive their names. Deucalion and his wife Pyrrha, after floating in the chest for nine days and nights, landed on Parnassus. (1971), "The End of Atlantis: New Light on an Old Legend" (Harper Collins), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Myth, Legend, and Custom in the Old Testament, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Ancient_Greek_flood_myths&oldid=989373493, Articles needing additional references from July 2014, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, "Many great deluges have taken place during the nine thousand years, for that is the number of years which have elapsed since the time of which I am speaking; and during all of this time and through so many changes, there has never been any considerable accumulation of the soil coming down from the mountains, as in other places, but the earth has fallen away all round and sunk out of sight. Dorus received the country over against Peloponnese and called the settlers Dorians after himself. He married Enarete, daughter of Deimachus, and begat seven sons, Cretheus, Sisyphus, Athamas, Salmoneus, Deion, Magnes, Perieres, and five daughters, Canace, Alcyone, Pisidice, Calyce, Perimede. A common myth, found in many cultures, speaks of a great flood that encompasses the earth. Dallas, USA There are many different types of flood stories such as the Greek story, Biblical, Egyptian, and Native american. Greek mythology describes three floods, the flood of Ogyges, the flood of Deucalion, and the flood of Dardanus. The mountains in Thessaly were parted, and all the world beyond the Isthmus and Peloponnese was overwhelmed. According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Dardanus left Pheneus in Arcadia to colonize a land in the North-East Aegean Sea. In addition, the texts report that "many great deluges have taken place during the nine thousand years" since Athens and Atlantis were preeminent. The story of Deucalion and Pyrrha is the Greek version of the biblical flood story of Noah's ark, as told in the Roman poet Ovid's masterpiece, The Metamorphoses. And Deucalion had children by Pyrrha, first Hellen, whose father some say was Zeus, and second Amphictyon, who reigned over Attica after Cranaus, and third a daughter Protogonia, who became the mother of Aethlius by Zeus. Due to the fear of another flood, they refrained from building a city and lived in the open for fifty years. Visiting at the house of Lycaon, he is welcomed by the devout populace, and the host Lycaon prepares a feast. "Zeus and the great flood" is a perfect example of Greek mythology. So he built an ark shaped like a chest and filled it with food and other provisions to survive the coming flood. Deucalion and Pyrrha are at first confused, but eventually recognize that the "great mother" is a reference to mother earth, and the "bones" are stones. 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