The idea behind cloning is to harvest cells from a donor, raise them to embryonic stage in a petri dish, and then place them in a surrogate to grow to term. As a journalist and editor for several years, Laurie Brenner has covered many topics in her writings, but science is one of her first loves. Jan 14, 2017 Dec 9, 2015 by Brandon Miller. Man would be playing God and create people that are unable to feel and empathize. Many believe that cloning is against God’s wishes because the clones would be created by man. In genetics, it refers to the process of making an identical copy of the DNA of an organism. When thinking about cloning children designed and replicated to the parents’ wishes, consider the book My Sister’s Keeper in which Anna is the product of preimplantation genetic diagnosis and is born for the sole purpose of being a bone marrow plant for her older sister Kate. Human cloning research and techniques could subject the clone to unacceptable risks such as a shortened life, bad health or other unknown problems. Imagine discovering that you are the clone of a child your parents lost, and you live your life always being compared to the dead child. Healing and recovery times could be lowered because of cloning. The same would be said of clones. This could lead to a rise in malpractices within society. However, seven states prohibit it altogether, and 10 states only allow it for biomedical research. Her stint as Manager of the California State Mining and Mineral Museum in California's gold country served to deepen her interest in science which she now fulfills by writing for online science websites. Cloning children could foster an understanding that children can be designed and replicated to the parents’ wishes. Here’s a brief list of the ways reproductive cloning can help: These all bring hope to people eager for children but unable to have their own or adopt. Cloning could prove helpful in the research of genetics. Scientists believe this lack of diversity will lower the human race’s ability to adapt. Human Cloning Pros and Cons. Using cloning technologies, genetic researchers would have a better understanding of the composition of genes and the effects of genetic constituents on human traits. Children created by cloning would live in the shadow of the genetic donor, always having to live up to the expectations of a person they were created from. It has the potential to create organs. Create an online video course, reach students across the globe, and earn money. While the cloning of body organs can be a great asset to extending human life, it could also cause a lot of malpractice. Clones could be seen as less than human compared with non-clones. Much of it relates to helping human families gain children, but there is also a benefit for the animal world. Tis would cause premature aging issues and potentially lead to premature death. Organ replacement: A clone, like in the movie, "The Island," could be a source for transplant organs or tissue. However, is it really an option that should be considered as a way to extend human life? Same sex couples can have children without the use of donor sperm or donor eggs. This technique is used to combat any genetic disease. Your body would recognize the new organ as your own. As far as anyone really knows, scientists have yet to clone a human being, and there are no federal laws against it in the United State. Take an online course in GCSE Biology. Many believe that cloning can be used to replace failing organs. The New Atlantis: Appendix: State Laws on Human Cloning. Find out the pros and cons, and decide for yourself if cloning is worth the risks. Using cloning technologies, genetic researchers would have a better understanding of the composition of genes and the effects of genetic constituents on human traits. There are many more arguments against reproductive cloning, but this is a brief list of the main arguments. The pros or advantages of human cloning include: Infertility: Infertile people or same-sex couples could have children made from cloned cells. What laws would there be to defend your rights as the true non-clone compared to the clone? Even if technology were created in which your memories and thoughts could be transmitted to the clone, your clone would still be a different person. In 2017, scientists in Shanghai succeeded in cloning two genetically identical long-tailed macaques, small brown and black monkeys with body lengths of 16 to 28 inches. There are more than 100,000 people in the United States and countless others around the world who are waiting on an organ transplant right now. You can leave skin cells even on a computer keyboard, and those cells could be used to clone you if cloning becomes a reality. Plus, there would be a lack of diversity in the world leading to everyone looking the same. Take an introduction to biology with an online class. People shed millions of cells throughout their day as their skin cells fall off. Cloning is a process that creates new life by copying the cell data of a living host. Although the process of cloning promises considerable advantages for research and industries, the endpoint is not always certain because of high risks of losses and morbidity of organisms during their development. The Pros and Cons of Cloning: Is it Worth the Risk? 95% of animal cloning has ended in failure due to genetic defects, and cloning is considered unsafe because of it. Using the person’s own cells, they will be able to recover that much faster and that much easier. The definition of a clone as explained by Encyclopaedia Britannica is a cell or living thing, an organism, that is "genetically identical to the original cell or organism" from which it comes. As animals and humans age, these telomeres become shorter. As humans reproduce continually, there is also an increase in damage to their DNA lines, creating defective and mutated genes, which could be eliminated by cloning healthy human cells.2. The last successful cloning of a primate was in 1998, but scientists have also cloned about 20 different types of animals including dogs, pigs, frogs, mice, cows and rabbits since the first cloned animal in 1996. Aside from that, the mere process of cloning remains to be elucidated. There are a number of negatives involved with reproductive cloning, and they are listed below. Understand genetic research: It helps researchers to know the composition of genes in the human traits and its effects on genetic constituents. However, there is a possibility that the age of the donor could be imprinted on the growing embryo. Along with the ability to clone desired traits, there could be the possibility of people deliberately reproducing undesired traits. Using their own cells, they would be given the chance to truly heal with less complications. 1. 7 Main Pros and Cons of Cloning Extinct Animals. Would there be any defense against people collecting cells and cloning random people? Pros: 1. Couples who are unable to naturally conceive will be able to create children to whom they are a genetic relative thanks to human cloning. The cell data is gathered from the host and then implanted into an embryo, which undergoes a normal development cycle. As such, there would be a lack of diversity in humankind. List of the Pros of Human Cloning 1. Cloned from a six-year-old Dorset sheep, scientists analyzed her DNA at her first birthday and discovered that the telomeres at the end of her DNA strands (think eraser on a pencil head) were shorter that they should be for her age. The average age for sheep runs between six to 12 years. Though they might look alike, twins have different personalities and enjoy different things. Overall, the developments of scientific research seem to go faster than the actual and real needs of humans, who are the ultimate recipients of such progress.
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