Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In November 1979 the Great Mosque was at the centre of a rebellion against the Saudi royal family when it was seized by a group of several hundred Islamic militants led by Juhaymān al-ʿUtaybī and Muḥammad bin ʿAbd Allāh al-Qaḥṭānī. In the pre-Islamic era, the Kaʿbah, then a shrine for Arab polytheists, stood in an open space where worshippers gathered to pray and perform rituals. The main prayer hall houses the world’s largest hand-knotted carpet. Great Mosque of Mecca, mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, built to enclose the Ka‘bah, the holiest shrine in Islam. A more extensive renovation took place under the Abbasid caliph al-Mahdī (775–785), who rebuilt and expanded the structure, relocating the outer walls so that the Kaʿbah stood in the centre of the courtyard. Buildings around the mosque were razed to make room for the expansion and the construction of a wide paved area around the mosque. Learn its secrets and find out why it's so popular. The Kaʿbah was also sacred to the first followers of the Prophet Muhammad. Perhaps the most noticeable element of the mosque is the collection of 82 domes, the largest of which is located in the centre of the main prayer hall. The compact built-up area around the mosque comprises the old city, which stretches to the north and southwest but is limited on the east and west…. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). A modern communications system and an advanced indoor and outdoor air-conditioning system were also constructed. The mosque features seven crystal chandeliers by Faustig of Munich, Germany. The modern building is the product of centuries of development, with its oldest parts dating to a 16th century Ottoman renovation. A mosque that 'united the world' On December 20, 2007, Abu Dhabi's Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque opened to the public. Sinan replaced the flat roof with small domes. Great Mosque of Mecca, Arabic al-Masjid al-Ḥarām, also called Holy Mosque or Haram Mosque, mosque in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, built to enclose the Kaʿbah, the holiest shrine in Islam. The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque has many special and unique elements: The carpet in the main prayer hall is considered to be the world’s largest carpet made by Iran’s Carpet Company and designed by Iranian artist Ali Khaliqi. Contribute a material of value to Abu Dhabi’s heritage and culture. The predominantly wool, single-piece carpet is 5,700 square meters and was hand-crafted by approximately 1,200 artisans. Premium Membership is now 50% off! The night-time illumination on the mosque’s domes cycles from darker hues when the moon is new to lighter hues when the moon is full. Pilgrims use the courtyard to perform the ritual circumambulation of the Kaʿbah, known as the ṭawāf. The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is one the world’s largest mosques and a massive architectural work of art that intentionally blends different Islamic architectural schools. As noted in my previous post on Cordoba, it grew to be the largest city in Eur… The Sheikh Zayed Grand Mosque is one the world’s largest mosques and a massive architectural work of art that intentionally blends different Islamic architectural schools. Abu Dhabi International Hunting and Equestrian Exhibition, Online Visual And Performing Arts Classes, Abu Dhabi International Translation Conference, Louvre Abu Dhabi Director - Manuel Rabata, Abu Dhabi Culture - HE Mohamed Khalifa Al Mubarak. The domes feature pure white marble cladding, onion shaped ‘crowns’, and crescent-shaped finials decorated with gold-glass mosaic. Tell others what you discovered about Abu Dhabi. An electric public-address system was first used in the mosque in 1948. After obtaining a religious ruling sanctioning the use of force within the Great Mosque, where violence is forbidden, government troops retook the mosque in a bloody battle in December. Craft a postcard to send to a friend or family member, online or through the post. The modern building is the product of centuries of development. Mosaic, carved and sand-blasted glass displays traditional Islamic designs of symmetry and repetition. Well, this is a historical monument which Sheikh Zayed built. The use of natural multi-coloured marble creates novel artistic outcomes, including decorated crowned columns where the crowns are not located on the top of the columns but at the bottom. Its architectural style reflects that of Moroccan, Andalusian and Mameluke styles. He had an artistic mind and this clearly shows in the way every portion of this building has been raised. The Moors conquered the then Visigoth city of Cordoba in 711 and started construction of the Mezquita over the site of the former St. Vincent Basilica in 786. The oldest parts of the modern structure date to the 16th century. Four blue-coloured chandeliers of similar design and size are located in the foyer entrances surrounding the mosque. The first Saudi enlargement of the mosque began in 1955 during the reign of King Saud. Having visited many mosques including Istanbul’s Blue Mosque, the Grand Mosque has a very different feel. The Grand Mosque in Mecca is the most amazing place for Muslims to visit.

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